Urdu is a major language of South Asia and is also spoken in many countries across the world. Its origin originates from the Indo-Aryan subgroup's language, which is descended from Sanskrit and Prakrit. It is written in an extended version of the Perso-Arabic script.
Urdu contains many loanwords from Persian, Arabic, and Turkish languages. Its syntax and morphology vary from region to region, making it a diverse and colorful language.
Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and is also spoken in parts of India and Bangladesh. It is one of Pakistan's two official languages and is taught in many schools nationwide.
Historically, Urdu has had several periods of influence. During the Mughal Empire, it emerged as a court language, resulting in its enrichment and refinement.
Urdu poetry has been beloved by South Asians since the late 19th century. It is considered to be an important tool for conveying emotion and beauty.
Urdu literature also includes novels, short stories, and drama works. It has recently been used to explore cultural and political issues within the South Asian region.
Urdu has several dialects which differ significantly in various geographical areas. Notable dialects include Dakhni, Lahori, Rekhta, and Riwaji.
Urdu is spoken by over 100 million people in South Asia and beyond. It is commonly used in media and other arts, such as film, television, theatre, and music.
Written Urdu may differ from oral language, but it is still mutually intelligible. Writing in Urdu often follows the rules of Persian and Arabic scripts.
The modern Urdu language has been expanded to include a wide variety of vocabulary and has seen significant development since its early form.
Urdu has also been used in writing computer and internet-related terminology, such as chat conversations, web pages, and SMS messages.