Termites are fascinating insects. They can cause significant problems around homes and businesses but can also have beneficial impacts.
Termites are social insects that live in large colonies. They are divided into three social castes: winged reproductives, workers, and soldiers.
While termites are commonly feared for their destructive behavior, they can also be beneficial by helping to break down organic matter and turn them into nutrients for the soil.
Termites need moisture to survive, which is why they're often found in moist soil close to buildings since they're attracted to the humidity in the area.
They communicate using chemicals called "trail pheromones" and can monitor the presence of other termites nearby.
Termites can create tunnels and mounds to increase air ventilation and help regulate the temperature in their nests.
Termites are omnivorous, meaning they eat plant and animal matter, such as dead wood and fecal matter.
Termites have a complex digestive system with two different sets of bacteria to help break down different food types.
Some species of termites are even able to produce hydrocarbons which help protect them from fungi, bacteria, and predators.
Termites have specialized structures called "chitinases," which release enzymes that help break down plant material.
Termites have a glossy brown or dark exoskeleton, which protects them and helps them regulate their body temperature.