Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China, is an East Asian island in the western Pacific Ocean. Its de facto capital is Taipei, and its political status is complex and unresolved.
Taiwan is incredibly densely populated, with over 23,000 people living per square kilometer on average. It is the fourth-most densely populated country in the world.
Taiwan is home to a wide variety of wildlife, with around 82% of the 679 species of mammals on the island living nowhere else on Earth.
Taiwan's stunning geography houses vast mountain ranges, such as Yushan, also known as Jade Mountain – the highest peak in Northeast Asia.
The production of steel products, machinery, and petrochemicals has been a significant driver of economic growth for Taiwan.
Taiwan is a global leader in the technology industry, with the highest number of integrated circuit designers and manufacturers in the world.
Taiwan is one of the most culturally diverse countries on the planet. It is home to many global religions, including Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Islam.
The cuisine of Taiwan is renowned for its complexity, with centuries-old recipes encompassing Chinese, Japanese, Indonesian, and American influences.
Taiwan is an environmentally conscious country with some of the strictest air pollution regulations in the world, which helps to make Taiwan a great place to live.
Taiwan has some of the most generous parental leave policies anywhere in the world; parents can take up to two years off to look after their children.
Taipei, the national capital of Taiwan, was named one of the "New Seven Wonders Cities" in 2018 due to its vibrant local culture, architecture, and unique attractions.