Sanaa is Yemen's capital, an ancient city with a long, vibrant history. As a bustling urban center with a population of over 3.2 million people, Sanaa is a cultural melting pot currently serving as the hub of politics and economic activities in the country.
It was originally founded as a trading center during the 1st century BC, with archaeological discoveries indicating that it may have been the site of Sheba's palace.
It is home to the oldest skyscraper in the world, the Great Mosque of Sanaa, built in 751 AD and still standing proudly among other prominent landmarks.
Its high elevation at 2300 meters above sea level has historically made it an integral spot in the trade route between Africa and Asia.
The city has numerous markets and souks, including the famous Souq al-Milh, where locals still come to buy and sell camel-related goods.
The Al Saleh Mosque is the largest in the city and has the second-oldest minaret in the world.
It is home to several World Heritage Sites, such as the Old City, the Great Mosque, and the historic architecture known as "Saani Rooftops."
Colourful, hand-dyed fabrics are a signature art form for which Sanaa is known, with local artisans and street vendors often peddling their wares.
Ethnic groups such as the Amhara, Hausa, and Tigrinya live in the city, creating social and cultural links between Sanaa and other parts of Yemen.
Local cafes and restaurants serve traditional Yemeni food like hulba, shakshuka, and lahoh, forming the basis of the city's distinct culinary scene.
The annual cultural and arts event, The Festival of Sanaa, is held after Ramadan and features performances, film screenings, and musical performances.