Polar bears are an amazing species of Arctic mammal that have captivated and fascinated people for centuries. Though human contact with the majestic creatures has been limited, there is much that we can learn from these incredible animals.
Polar bears can range in weight from 200 to 1,600 pounds. They are the largest land-dwelling predators in the world.
Polar bears have thick fur coat with two layers. The top layer consists of long guard hairs to repel water and dense fur to insulate.
Polar bears can swim up to 60 miles without resting. They are also good at staying warm in cold temperatures and can survive as low as minus 50 degrees Celsius.
Polar bears have a keen sense of smell and can detect prey at a distance. They can also use the ice beneath their feet to make vibrations and communicate over long distances.
Polar bears have a thick layer of fat beneath their skin to help keep them warm. This layer can be up to four inches thick.
Polar bears have very sharp claws for digging and gripping prey. They also have long, curved canines for piercing and tearing flesh.
Polar bears are primarily solitary animals, with each bear having a distinct home range and marking its territory with scent and claw marks.
Polar bear cubs stay with their mother for two to three years before leaving to establish their territories. During this time, the female teaches her cubs how to survive in their harsh environment.
Polar bears are not threatened by humans but are vulnerable to global warming and loss of habitat due to oil and gas exploration.
Polar bears mainly eat seals but sometimes eat other animals if food is scarce. They have been known to steal food from campsites and dumpsters near human settlements.