Obesity is a serious public health issue affecting millions worldwide—a host of physical, mental, and psychological conditions and several diseases linked to obesity.
The World Health Organization has estimated that over 1.9 billion adults across the globe are obese. In addition, nearly 41 million children experienced obesity in 2016.
In the United States, obesity rates for adults have nearly doubled since 1980, with over 30% of adults considered obese.
Overweight and obese increase the risk of developing hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer.
Obesity is a complex condition with multiple contributing factors, including genetics, environment, lifestyle, and societal influences.
Poor diet, a lack of physical activity, and sedentary lifestyles are significant causes of obesity and its related health risks.
Unhealthy dietary patterns, such as overeating and consuming too many empty calories from unhealthy foods, can result in excessive weight gain.
Hormonal imbalances, certain medications, and medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's Syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome can also lead to obesity.
Severe obesity can impact fertility in both men and women and lead to difficulties conceiving or sustaining a pregnancy.
Psychological issues, such as emotional eating and stress, have been linked to obesity in some cases.
Bariatric surgery is an effective procedure that can reduce stomach size and help individuals lose weight.