Kidney stones are a dangerous and common disease affecting many people around the world. It can be painful and cause complications if not treated quickly.
Kidney stones are hardened deposits of minerals and acid salts that form in the kidneys. The most common type of kidney stone is composed of calcium oxalate.
Uric acid stones are more commonly seen in individuals with gout, while struvite stones are associated with urinary tract infections.
Painful symptoms of kidney stones include flank pain, severe abdominal pain, urinary frequency, and burning during urination.
Kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or grow to the size of a golf ball.
Dehydration is a major cause of kidney stones, so keeping your body hydrated with plenty of water is important.
Most kidney stones eventually pass out of the body on their own, but some medications and procedures can speed up the process.
Doctors may suggest certain dietary changes to reduce the risk of kidney stones, such as reducing salt and animal protein intake.
Kidney stones can be prevented by drinking plenty of fluids, avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, and eating a balanced diet.
The most common imaging tests for kidney stones are X-ray, CT scan, and ultrasound.
Kidney stones can cause severe and persistent infections if not treated promptly and properly.