Heart failure is a debilitating and progressive condition caused by many factors. It can affect both men and women and can be seen in adults and children. It is a severe medical burden for individuals worldwide.
Heart failure is often caused by long-term conditions such as high blood pressure and coronary artery disease. This can lead to the weakening of the heart muscle or the improper functioning of the heart valves.
There are multiple symptoms associated with heart failure, including shortness of breath with activity, increased activity of the heart, swelling of the legs and abdomen, and fatigue.
Treatment of heart failure includes lifestyle changes, medications, or in some cases, surgery. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can help improve symptoms.
Treating the underlying cause of heart failure and managing existing comorbidities (concurrent health conditions) is important to reduce the risk and severity of the disease.
Many people with heart failure may benefit from having a pacemaker or other device implanted to help support the heart's function.
Heart failure can be monitored using echocardiography to help measure how well the heart is pumping.
Heart failure can be managed by adhering to a strict medication regimen, and regular follow-ups with the doctor can help to ensure symptoms are appropriately managed.
There are also new treatments, such as cardiac regenerative therapy, which is being studied for its potential to help improve heart function.
Stress reduction and discovering unhealthy coping mechanisms, such as alcohol or drug use, can help support the recovery of someone with heart failure.
Regular screenings for heart failure are recommended for individuals at risk to help catch the condition in its early stages and prevent disease progression.