Haiti is a Caribbean nation located on the western part of the island of Hispaniola. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse history, and challenging present-day economic and political landscape.
Haiti was the first independent nation in Latin America, having won independence from France in 1804.
The capital and largest city is Port-au-Prince.
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with over 60% of its population living in poverty.
The official languages are French and Haitian Creole.
Haiti is known for its vibrant music, including compas and rara.
Vodou, an Afro-Caribbean religion, is practiced by a significant portion of the population.
Haiti has a history of political instability, including a series of coups and dictatorships.
The country was devastated by a massive earthquake in 2010, causing widespread damage and loss of life.
Haiti is one of the world's largest producers of coffee and mangoes.
Haiti is home to several unique ecosystems, including tropical rainforests and dry coastal savannas.