The Greek language is one of the oldest languages still spoken today. It has evolved over thousands of years and is the official language of Greece. Many Greeks living abroad also use it.
Greek is divided into two main categories - classical and modern. Classical Greek is used for ancient texts and is the oldest form of the language. Modern Greek is the version used today.
Greek is written from left to right with twenty-four letters. It is one of the few languages in the world that follows a system of accenting a single syllable of each word.
Greek employs three genders - masculine, feminine, and neuter - to determine the gender of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives.
Greek is an inflected language, using suffixes to infer verbs' tenses, moods, and voices.
Modern Greek is based on the language spoken by the Ionians, who inhabited the islands of the Ionian Sea and the coastal areas of Asia Minor.
Greek grammar uses particles, which indicate the speaker's attitude or demand particular emphasis from the listener.
Modern Greek uses three cases - nominative, accusative, and genitive - to indicate the relationships between words.
The Greek script is composed of characters adapted from the Phoenician alphabet, believed to have been created around 1000 BC.
Greek is the official language of the European Union and is spoken by most of its population.
Greek culture has greatly influenced Western civilization's development, and its words and phrases are an essential part of English and other European languages.