Figs are an ancient and fascinating tree species, as they are an important part of human and ecological history. The tree is globally found in warm and subtropical climates, and humans have cultivated it for thousands of years.
Figs are a type of tree in the mulberry family, and their scientific name is Ficus carica. Figs produce edible fruit, and the seeds of the fruit can be used to grow new fig trees.
Most fig trees only produce one crop of figs each year, with the harvest ready for picking from May to October.
Figs are a hugely nutritious food source rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and more.
Fig trees can live for over a hundred years and grow up to 30 feet tall.
The leaves of fig trees are large and waxy, providing the perfect shade for other plants that can grow underneath.
Ancient Egyptians believed that the fig tree was a symbol of sustenance, depicted in their tombs and art.
Fig trees need to be pollinated by a certain species of wasp to produce their fruit.
Figs have been used as natural dyes in many cultures, with reddish-purple hues used to color silk and linen fabrics.
Figs are highly resistant to a wide range of pests and fungi; thus, no harsh pesticides are needed to grow them.
The fig tree provides essential habitat for many wildlife species, including birds, lizards, and squirrels.