Dari language, spoken by an estimated 10 million people, mainly in Afghanistan, is a member of the Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family, widely used in literature as one of the country's two official languages and one of the most significant dialects of the Persian language.
Dari is written in the Persian alphabet from right to left. It has expanded from 32 to 48 letters to accommodate Dari's sounds better.
Dialects of the Dari language include Tajikspoken in northern Afghanistan and the spoken dialects of Dari in the central, southern, and eastern regions.
Dari is divided into several varieties, such as Kabuli, Khandaki, and Kandahari, which share certain traits with the Farsi dialect of Iran.
Dari borrows from many other languages, including Arabic, Sanskrit, Pashto, and Kurdish.
There are ten vowel sounds and nine consonants in Dari, with certain letters pronounced differently in different dialects.
Words in the Dari language are either masculine or feminine, singular or plural.
Nouns in Dari can take on various prefixes and suffixes to indicate gender, number, and honorifics.
There are two main types of verb conjugation in the Dari language: weak and strong.
Dari has regular and irregular verb tenses like many other languages.
The Dari language has an extensive and nuanced system for referring to talk about matters related to time, location, and reason.