Catatonia is a neurological and mental disorder thought to be related to various psychiatric disorders. It is characterized by physical immobility and behavioral abnormalities.
Various psychiatric or neurological illnesses, including schizophrenia, and symptoms of certain medical conditions can cause catatonia. It usually involves having a lack of response to external stimuli, such as speech and movement.
It is also characterized by symptoms such as involuntary movements, repetitive behaviors, and resisting attempts to be moved or changed by another person.
The diagnosis of catatonia is made based on history, physical examination, and appropriate medical investigations.
Treatment for catatonia typically involves medications such as benzodiazepines or electroconvulsive therapy.
It effectively manages catatonia symptoms but does not always prevent reoccurrences.
Research has shown that catatonia can be associated with other psychiatric disorders and a marker of worsening psychiatric symptoms, such as depression and anxiety.
Psychosocial interventions can help treat catatonias, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, and occupational therapy.
It is essential to recognize the signs and symptoms of catatonia early on to ensure appropriate treatments are provided as needed.
Some common signs and symptoms of catatonia include excessive motor activity, mutism, and unpredictable changes in mood and behavior.
People with catatonia can also suffer from physical complications, including dehydration, infection, and malnutrition.