Avolition is an uncommon symptom of schizophrenia, an enduring mental health disorder. It is typified by withdrawal from activities and a lack of motivation or apathy.
Avolition is characterized by an inability or decreased ability to initiate and perform goal-directed activities. People may be unable to identify any particular goal or purpose or need more motivation to carry out activities.
Avolition can result in individuals having difficulty engaging in activities they previously enjoyed or had an interest in, such as hobbies, job-related tasks, household chores, and even self-care activities.
Factors such as poor motivation and insight, thought disorganization, executive functioning deficits, and negative symptoms of schizophrenia could contribute to the development of avolition.
Understanding the person's context and history and working collaboratively with the individual is essential in effectively treating avolition.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) can be beneficial in helping individuals manage avolition-related emotions, such as guilt, shame, and frustration.
Pharmacotherapy can also treat avolition, including medications such as atypical antipsychotics and stimulants.
Structured, goal-oriented activities can help people living with avolition and create a system of rewards for achieving goals.
Encouraging social activities and involving peers and family in the treatment plan can be beneficial in helping to promote motivation.
Patients with avolition can become confused and overwhelmed by the range of tasks they need to complete; therefore, breaking tasks into smaller, more manageable pieces can be beneficial.
Providing the person with the proper support, understanding, and encouragement can be beneficial in helping them reduce the symptoms of avolition.